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20 Oct 2021
Artificial Intelligence

Full Form of AI -Definition, Working, AI Applications, Categories, and More

What is the full form of AI?

Full Form of AI: Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.

Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition, and computer vision.

How does AI work?

As advertising around AI has accelerated, vendors are struggling to promote AI in their products and services.

Often what they call AI is simply a component of AI, like machine learning. AI requires a foundation of specialized hardware and software to write and train machine learning algorithms.

No programming language is synonymous with AI, but some, including Python, R, and Java, are popular.

In general, AI systems work by taking large amounts of tagged training data, analyzing the data for correlations and patterns, and using these patterns to make predictions about future conditions.

In this way, a chat bot that receives text chat examples can learn to have an actual exchange with people.

An image recognition tool can learn to identify and describe objects in images using millions of examples.

AI Skills

AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, thinking, and self-correcting.

Learning Processes: This aspect of AI programming focuses on collecting data and creating rules for how data can be turned into actionable information.

The regulations called algorithms provide step-by-step instructions for computing devices to perform a specific task.

Argumentation Processes: This aspect of AI programming focuses on choosing the correct algorithm to get the result you want.

Self-correcting Processes: This aspect of AI programming is designed to optimize algorithms and ensure that they produce the most accurate results.

Why is Artificial Intelligence Important?

Artificial intelligence is important because it can provide companies with information about their business operations that they may not have known about before.

In some cases, artificial intelligence can do tasks better than humans.

In the case of repetitive and detail-oriented tasks, such as parsing a large number of legal documents to ensure that relevant fields are filled in correctly, artificial intelligence tools often complete jobs quickly and relatively error-free.

This has sparked an efficiency explosion and opened the door to entirely new business opportunities for some larger companies.

Before the current wave of AI, it would have been not easy to imagine using computer software to connect passengers to taxis.

But today, it has made Uber one of the largest companies in the world.

It uses sophisticated machine learning algorithms to predict when people in certain areas are likely to need trips and proactively helps drivers get started before they need them.

As another example, Google has become a significant player in a wide variety of online services.

Also, it is using machine learning to understand how people use its services and then improve them.

In 2017, the company’s CEO Sundar Pichai stated that Google would operate as an “AI-first” company.

Today’s largest and most successful companies have used artificial intelligence to improve their operations and gain an edge over their competitors.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial neural networks and deep learning technologies for artificial intelligence are developing rapidly.

Also, mainly because AI processes large amounts of data faster and makes predictions with greater precision than is humanly possible.

While the sheer amount of data generated daily would bury a human researcher.

Also, artificial intelligence applications that use machine learning can ingest that data and quickly turn it into actionable information.

Then, main disadvantage of using AI is that it is expensive to process the large amounts of data required to program AI.

Advantages

  • Good at detail-oriented work
  • Time savings for data-intensive tasks
  • Provides consistent results
  • Virtual agents with artificial intelligence are always available

Disadvantages

  • Expensive
  • It requires a great deal of technical experience
  • A limited supply of skilled workers to build AI tools
  • They only know what was shown
  • Inability to generalize from one task to another.

Strong AI vs. weak AI

AI can be classified as weak or strong.

Weak AI, also known as narrow AI, is an AI system designed and trained to perform a specific task.

Industrial robots and virtual personal assistants like Apple’s Siri use weak artificial intelligence.

Strong AI, also known as general artificial intelligence (AGI), describes programming that can emulate the cognitive abilities of the human brain.

For an unknown task, a robust artificial intelligence system can use fuzzy logic to apply knowledge from one domain to another and autonomously find a solution.

In theory, a robust AI program should pass both a Turing test and a Chinese room test.

What are the Four Types of Artificial Intelligence?

Arend Hintze, assistant professor of integrative biology and computer science and engineering at Michigan State University, explained in a 2016 paper.

AI can be categorizing into four types, starting with task-specific intelligent systems currently widely used and ending with sensitive systems. That doesn’t exist yet.

The categories are as follows:

Type 1: Reactive Machines

These AI systems have no memory and are specific tasks. One example is Deep Blue, IBM’s chess program that defeated Garry Kasparov in the 1990s.

Deep Blue can identify pieces on the chessboard and make predictions, but since it has no memory, it cannot use past experiences to inform future ones.

Type 2: Limited Storage

These artificial intelligence systems have a memory so they can use past experiences to make future decisions.

Also, some of the decision-making functions in autonomous vehicles are designed in this way.

Type 3: Theory of Mind

The theory of mind is a term from psychology. Applied to AI, this means that the system has the social intelligence to understand emotions.

Then, this type of AI will infer human intentions and predict behavior, a skill required for AI systems to become integral members of human teams.

Type 4: Self-consciousness

In this category, AI systems have a sense of themselves that gives them an awareness.

Confident machines understand their current state. This kind of AI doesn’t exist yet.

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